FROM: U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Connecticut-Based Broker-Dealer Representative Sentenced to Two Years in Prison for Defrauding Investors in Mortgage-Backed Securities
SEC's Enforcement Division Institutes Proceedings to Determine Whether to Bar Him From Securities Industry
The Securities and Exchange Commission announced today that Jesse Litvak, a former managing director of Jefferies & Co., Inc. (Jefferies), a New York-based broker-dealer, was sentenced to 24 months in prison followed by three years of supervised release and a fine of $1,750,000 following his conviction on 10 counts of securities fraud, one count of Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) fraud, and four counts of making false statements. The judgment of conviction was entered against Litvak on July 25, 2014. Based on that judgment, the SEC's Enforcement Division instituted administrative proceedings against Litvak on September 2, 2014 to determine what, if any, remedial action is appropriate in the public interest against Litvak. Such action could include a bar from the securities industry.
The SEC had also charged Litvak separately in a civil action with making misrepresentations and engaging in misleading conduct while he sold mortgage-backed securities (MBS) in the wake of the financial crisis. The Commission's civil action against Litvak remains pending. In its civil complaint filed in District Court for the District of Connecticut on January 28, 2013, the SEC alleged that Litvak, a senior trader on Jefferies' MBS Desk who worked at Jefferies' office in Stamford, Connecticut, bought and sold MBS from and to his customers. According to the SEC's civil complaint, on numerous occasions from 2009 to 2011, Litvak lied to, or otherwise misled, those customers about the price at which Jefferies had purchased the MBS before selling it to another customer and the amount of his firm's compensation for arranging the trades. The SEC alleged that, on some occasions, Litvak also misled his customer into believing that he was arranging a MBS trade between customers, when Litvak really was selling the MBS out of Jefferies' inventory. According to the SEC's civil complaint, Litvak also misled customers about how much money they were paying in compensation to Jefferies. The customers included investment funds established by the United States government in the wake of the financial crisis to help support the market for MBS as well as other investment funds, including hedge funds.
The SEC's complaint charged Litvak with violating the antifraud provisions of the federal securities laws, particularly Section 10(b) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5 thereunder, and Section 17(a) of the Securities Act of 1933. The SEC's action has been stayed pending the outcome of the criminal proceedings.